Saturday, July 11, 2020

His-story Page

How did this brand come about - what newspaper articles have documented this? - Welcome to a little bit of His-Story.ArticleJuly2003 PretzelsWithTwist Photo

 

Les Starks Beginning Quit Your Job

Straight from the heart, Les Stark bares all in why he left his full time job at Shady Maple Smorgasboard last year in 2012 to sell his book - Hempstone Heritage and stay involved with his passion - legalizing cannabis / hemp for a better world and a new opportunity for him.

 

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Hempstone Heritage Hempstone Heritage

Compliation of Pennsylvania Hemp History & Les Starks hemp historian to promote  his book Hempstone Heritage.

Keystone Cannabis 2015 Dates

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Check out Les & Erica on their facebook page under Pennsylvania Hempland Security or Keystone Cannabis, they may update these pages;

July 11th - is West Chester Pennsylvania - 

 

Speaking at Hemp Heals 2012

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Facebook Hemp Heals Music Festival 

 

Riles & I at Hempzels HQ talking about Hemp Heals and doing something cool in Philadelphia. He did it, I'm glad to have helped in any little way. Sowing the seeds - Riles doesn't fear the hemp / cannabis seed - the one we need to free.

First show getting ready to address the crowd - I'll never forget it.

Thanks to John Dvorack of Hempology.com who videotaped my little talk to the crowd in Philadelphia 2012 -

 

 

 

Hempstone Heritage

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Check out Les & Erica on their facebook page under Pennsylvania Hempland Security or Keystone Cannabis, they are in the forefront working with Pennsylvania legislators - & Les wrote the Hempstone Heritage book - 

 

Hemp History 1937 - 1968

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1937

Congress Passes “Marijuana Tax Act”- Objections by the AMA & National Oil Seed Institute or rejected, AMA realized that “Marijuana” was in fact Cannabis or Hemp two days before the tax act goes into effect.

1937

Henry Anslinger had testified to Congress that "Marijuana is the most violence causing drug in the history of mankind."

1937

Mechanical Engineering 1937 – “HEMP & FLAX THE MOST PROFITABLE CROPS – FROM THE SEED TO THE LOOM”

1938

Popular Mechanics February 1938 – “NEW BILLION DOLLAR CROP” International Harvester Equipment To Revolutinize & Lower Cost of Commercial US Hemp Farming.

1938

Enos Scheaffer,81 ,arrested in Lancaster, Pennsylvania for growing hemp, quoted that he was growing seed for his chickens.

1938-42

The Japanese invade the Philippine's and cut off our Manila (Abaca) hemp supply. USDA Produces Film – HEMP FOR VICTORY!

1942

The U. S. government distributes 400,000 lb.. (pounds) of cannabis hemp seed to American farmers from Wisconsin to Kentucky

1942

American farmers produced 42,000 tons of hemp fiber per year. Plant 36,000 acres of seed hemp, an increase of several thousand percent from previous years.

1943

Colonel J.M. Phalen, editor of the *Military Surgeon*, declares in an editorial entitled "The Marijuana Bugaboo": "The smoking of the leaves, flowers, and seeds of Cannabis sativa is no more harmful than the smoking of tobacco. . . . It is hoped that no witch hunt will be instituted in the military service over a problem that does not exist." [Quoted in ibid. p. 234]

1944

New York Mayor LaGuardia's Marijuana Commission concludes that there is no link between cannabis and violence, instead citing beneficial effects of marijuana. Harry Anslinger goes berserk, denouncing Mayor LaGuardia and threatening doctors with prison terms should they dare to carry out independent research on cannabis

1947

The Yearbook of Agriculture; 1943-1947, USDA Author: H.A. Borthwick, USDA Senior Botanist in the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering  Pages: 282-283 DAY LENGTH AND FLOWERING – HEMP “New practices that can be used in breeding hemp have resulted from recent photoperiodic studies”……*excerpt – “a locality can be found in which the conditions are favorable to the  formation of these intersex male flowers on female plants in sufficient quantity that a good crop of seed could be obtained.“

1948

Harry Anslinger testifies before a red-baiting Congress that marijuana causes users to become peaceful, pacifistic "zombies." Anslinger warned that the Communists might use marijuana to weaken the fighting spirit of American troops during wartime. This was a complete reversal of earlier testimony; in 1937

1956

 

Fibres (Engineering and Chemistry) Author: Carl V. Feaster, Agronomist, Field Crops Research Branch, Ag Research Service, USDA “MONOECIOUS HEMP BREEDING IN THE UNITED STATES”The hemp breeding programme in the United States is being directed toward improvement of fibre quality through the development of strains with uniform maturity among plants. Present commercial varieties are dioecious, with the male plants returning about three weeks before the female plants. This results in fibre of different maturity and consequently less uniformity

1961

UN treaty allows for the cultivation of industrial hemp.

1964

Dr. Raphael Mechoulam of the University of Tel Aviv isolates THC Delta-9, the primary active ingredient in cannabis -- and one of at least 60 compounds found in cannabis that have therapeutic value

1968

 

Hemp History 1970 - 2000

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1970

Controlled Substance Act (CSA) lumps industrial hemp as marijuana, despite the fact that a specific exemption for hemp was included in the CSA under the definition of marijuana.“Marijuana Transfer Tax”(1938) declared unconstitutional by the US Supreme Court -


1972

the National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse: “Marihuana: A Signal of Misunderstanding” Commissioned by President Richard M. Nixon, March, 1972   “Shafer Report” Former Republican Governor of Pennsylvania Raymond P. Shafer – End of report ,“ We have carefully analyzed the interrelationship between marihuana the drug, marihuana use as a behavior, and marihuana as a social problem. Recognizing the extensive degree of misinformation about marihuana as a drug, we have tried to demythologize it. Viewing the use of marihuana in its wider social context, we have tried to desymbolize it. Considering the range of social concerns in contemporary America, marihuana does not, in our considered judgment, rank very high. We would de-emphasize marihuana as a problem.”

1974

Dr. Heath conducts his infamous government-funded Rhesus monkey study at Tulane University, touted for years as "evidence" that marijuana causes brain damage. Dr. Heath would put an airtight gas mask on the monkey, strap it into a chair and force-toke the equivalent of 63 Colombian-strength joints over the course of five minutes.  The monkeys suffered brain damage, from suffocation and Carbon monoxide poisoning.

1976

The Ford Administration bans independent research and research by federal health programs on the use of natural cannabis derivatives for medicine. Private pharmaceutical corporations are allowed to do limited "no high" research using only THC Delta-9, ignoring other potentially beneficial active natural ingredients. Gov’t starts growing medicinal cannabis in Oxford Mississippi for Robert Randall.

1989

Presidential Executive Order: Chapter 15A Commerce and Foreign Trade ..” as the Secretary of Agriculture shall determine. For the purposes of this order, the term "agricultural commodities" shall also include all starches, sugars, fats and oils of animal, vegetable, or marine origin (including oil seeds and other oil bearing materials, fatty acids, soap and soap powder), cotton, tobacco, wool, hemp, flax fiber, and alcohol, and also such other commodities and products as the President may designate.

1991

Heating and compressing plant fibers can create practical, inexpensive, fire-resistant construction materials with excellent thermal and sound-insulating qualities. These strong plant fiber construction materials could replace dry wall and wood paneling. William B. Conde of Conde's Redwood Lumber, Inc. near Eugene, Oregon, in conjunction with Washington State University (1991-1993), has demonstrated the superior strength, flexibility, and economy of hemp composite building materials compared to wood fiber, even as beams.

june 3

1994

President Clinton’s Executive Order 12919, NATIONAL DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL RESOURCES PREPAREDNESS. "Food resources" means all commodities and products, simple, mixed, or compound, or complements to such commodities or products, that are capable of being ingested by either human beings or animals, irrespective of other uses to which such commodities or products may be put, at all stages of processing from the raw commodity to the products thereof in vendible form for human or animal consumption. "Food resources" also means all starches, sugars, vegetable and animal or marine fats and oils, cotton, tobacco, wool, mohair, hemp, flax fiber, and naval stores, but does not mean any such material after it loses its identity as an agricultural commodity or agricultural product.

1996

Vermont legislator Fred Maslack is fuming that the nation's marijuana eradication program is little more than a pretext to destroy the nation's feral hemp genetic pool, left over from the World War II Hemp for Victory program  “It is no wonder the DEA is fighting hemp tooth and nail, because that is what their whole campaign is against; in the form of ditchweed. As far as the War on Drugs is concerned they would be better off pulling up goldenrod. This aspect shows what the DEA's real interest is. For as long as I've been following this data, ditch weed has been the issue, and it is a great fraud being perpetrated on the American people, because there is no drug potential in this stuff, DEA testimony notwithstanding. “They're misrepresenting what they're doing," he said. "It amounts to consumer fraud; it may all be labeled marijuana, but it certainly won't get you high. Personally I feel that my intelligence is being grievously insulted."

08/18/98 Costly -  Peqea Silver Mine Hemp Project 98: Good Article -

New Views To Hemp A Nod To It's History

1999

14 States Introduced Legislation In Favor Of Growing Hemp

04/07/99 Lancaster County Farmers Show Interest In Growing Hemp - Hemp Project - Lancaster News Farmers Show Interest In Hemp (Lancaster,PA)
04/11/99 Lancaster County Hemp Dreams - Mt Joy, PA Lancaster News Article
05/99 Sesame Sourdough Hempzel's awarded 2nd place for Best Pretzel in a blind taste test of 30 pretzel submissions - beat out by a chocolate covered pretzel rod from Ohio  - Food Distribution Magazine - Boca Raton Florida
1999

December 13, From The Business Wire.DEA PERMITS HAWAII TO PLANT INDUSTRIAL HEMP After three years, the dedication and tenacity of Hawaii State Representative Cynthia Thielen paid off last May when the legislation to conduct the research needed to initiate the recovery of the industrial hemp crop in the United States passed in Hawaii. Governor Cayetano signed the industrial hemp bill into law ….

july 2000

Assets of No Problem, Inc. owner of Hempzel Pretzels are purchased by SP House. First Soft Hemp Pretzels Are Started

2000

Lakota Indian Reservation: Alex Whiteplume,  plant hemp on their reservation with all local authorization – DEA comes in & cuts it all down. 2000-2002

2000

PA Farm Bureau Members Vote In Favor To “Grow, Process, Sell, Manufacturer Industrial Hemp” By Voice Vote

Hemp History 1915 - 1935

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1915

California Outlaws Cannabis

October 8, 1862

 

 

 

 

1916

USDA Bulletin #404 calls for a new program to expand hemp to replace uses of timber in industry.

1917

THE SEED SUPPLY OF THE NATION - HEMP “Hemp must be specially planted for seed production, and in view of the increasing importance of the crop, seed production should be strongly encouraged. Chile offers possibilities in this connection, but for the present our efforts should be exerted at home. Our planting requirements, based on the acreage of 1917, are about 2,100,000 pounds of seed”  1917 Yearbook of the USDA Author: R.A. Oakley, Agronomist in Charge of Seed Distribution, Bureau of PlantIndustry Pages: 526-527

1917

American George W. Schlichten patented a new machine for separating the hemp fiber from the internal woody core (“hurds”), reducing the labor cost 100 times and increasing fiber yield by 60 times. That combined with new technology to fashion paper and plastics from hemp derived cellulose,

1918

"Early maturing varieties, chiefly of Italian origin, are being grown at Madison, Wisconsin, in cooperation with the Wisconsin Agricultural Experiment Station. This is the third year of selection for some varieties, and the results give promise of the successful production in that State of seed of hemp fully equal to the Ferrara of northern Italy." USDA. Bureau of Plant Industry. 1918. Report of the Chief. p. 28

1918

When the work with hemp was begun in Wisconsin, there were no  satisfactory machines for harvesting, spreading, binding, or breaking. All of these processes were performed by hand. Due to such methods, the hemp  industry in the United States had all but disappeared. As it was realized from the very  beginning of the work in Wisconsin that no permanent progress could be made so long as it was necessary to  depend upon hand labor, immediate attention was given to solving the problem of power machinery. Nearly every kind of hemp machine was studied and tested. The obstacles were great, but through the cooperation of experienced hemp men and one large harvesting machinery company, this problem has been nearly solved. The hemp crop can now be handled entirely by machinery."  Wright, Andrew. 1918. Wisconsin's Hemp Industry. Wisconsin Ag Experiment Station Bulletin # 293. p.5.

1918

1917 Yearbook USDA Author: W.W. Stockberger, Physiologist in Charge of Drug-Plant and Poisonous-Plant Investigations,Bureau of Plant Industry Pages: Excerpts from 169 & 171 PRODUCTION OF DRUG-PLANT CROPS IN THE UNITED STATES Medicinal plants have been cultivated in the United States for more than two centuries. Only a few decades have elapsed since healing herbs shared with small fruits and vegetables a place in every kitchen garden, and in certain localities their production and sale at one time formed the basis of small industries. In time, however, the numerous convenient preparations obtainable at every drug store rendered the domestic herb garden no longer necessary, and the great development of foreign commerce made it possible to obtain supplies of most crude drugs from sources where the cost of production was less than in this country. 1917 Yearbook USDA Author: W.W. Stockberger, Physiologist in Charge of Drug-Plant and Poisonous-Plant Investigations, Bureau of Plant Industry Pages: Excerpts from 169 & 171.Cannabis is now grown commercially as a side line by a few farmers in South Carolina and by occasional individuals in some other States. Two large drug manufacturers also grow sufficient cannabis for their own needs. Considerable technical skill is required to produce cannabis of a quality that will meet the standard requirements for this drug. Cannabis grown in some localities is deficient in the active principles upon which its value depends, and preliminary tests to determine the quality of the product are therefore always advisable before  planting this crop on a commercial scale

1919

Texas outlaws Cannabis - Senator said on the floor of the Senate: "All Mexicans are crazy, and this stuff [marijuana] is what makes them crazy."

1920

"The work of breeding improved strains of hemp is being continued at Arlington Farm, Va., and all previous records were broken in the selection plats of 1919. The three best strains, Kymington, Chington and Tochimington, averaged, respectively, 14 feet 11 inches, 15 feet 5”, and 15 feet 9 inches, while the tallest individual plant was 19 feet. The improvement by selection is shown not alone in increased height but also in longer internodes, yielding fiber of better quality and increased quantity." USDA. Bureau of Plant Industry.1920  Report of the Chief

1921

"The organized hemp growers of Wisconsin, working in cooperation with the field agent of fiber investigations [Andrew Wright], have so improved the quality and standardized the grades of hemp fiber produced there that it has found a market even in dull times. The hemp acreage in that State has been kept up, although there has been a reduction in every other hemp-producing area throughout the world." USDA. Annual Report  Dept of Ag:  p. 46.

1929

"In 1929 three selected varieties of hemp (Michigan Early, Chinamington and Simple Leaf) were grown in comparison with unselected common Kentucky seed near Juneau, Wis. Each of the varieties had been developed by 10 years or more of selection from the progeny of individual plants. The yields of fiber per acre were as follows: Simple Leaf, 360 pounds; Michigan Early, 694 pounds; Chinamington, 1054 lbs; common Kentucky, 680 pounds." USDA. 1929. Bureau of Plant Industry, Annual Report. p. 27.

1931

Andrew Mellon, Treasury Secretary and head of Bank of Pittsburgh, which loaned Dupont 80% of its money, appoints his nephew-in-law,  Harry J. Anslinger, to head newly formed Federal Bureau of Narcotics (later to become the DEA)

1935

"The hemp breeding work, carried on by the Bureau for more than 20 years, was discontinued in 1933, but practical results are still evident in commercial fields. A hemp grower in Kentucky reported a yield of 1750 pounds per acre of clean, dew-retted fiber from 100 acres of the pedigreed variety Chinamington grown in 1934. This is more than twice the average yield obtained from ordinary unselected hemp seed." USDA. 1935. Annual Reports Dept of Agriculture, p.6.

Hemp For Victory 1940

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USDA 1940's production war time film encouraging farmers to grow industrial hemp. The Government originally denied this film ever exsisted - thanks to Jack Herer's work & perserverance it is avialabe today. Enjoy - about 13 minutes long

 

 

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